Definition of Intrinsic Motivation
We understand extrinsic motivation much more than intrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation address the forces that exist within the black box of the mind. It’s like try to describe the insides of the television by looking at the screen.
Cognitive Motivational Theories Worth Knowing
“Measure wealth not by the things you have, but by the things you have for which you would not need money.” — Murray Johannsen
- Values etc.
Theory 1: Need For Power, Affiliation, and Achievement
2. Equity Theory
3. Expectancy Theory
Proposed by Vroom (1964) this approach focuses on the beliefs that influence effort, outcomes, and performance. For example, when if one believes that one’s efforts result in a certain level of performance associated with a desired reward, one likely take action. Of course, the exact opposite is also true. A low correlation between effort, performance and reward breeds inaction.
These are powerful learned motivations—powerful enough that they will drive your choice of careers and ultimately influence the degree of success you have in the world. Discover more about these three very important needs in this video series.
• The Need for Power,
• The Need for Affiliation, and
• The Need for Achievement.
Videos in the Series:
Video 1: Three Critically Important Needs You Need to Understand (Time 12:15)
Video 2: Need ForAffiliation (Understanding The Nature of Affiliation) (Time: 5:50)
Video 3: The Need For Power (All About Power: Why You and Others Find is so Seductive) (Time: 33.40)
Video 4: The Need For Achievement (Time: 36:50)
Adams, John S. (1963). Toward an understanding of inequity. Journal of Abnormal and, Social Psychology, 67(5), 422-436.
Bandura, A. (1977) Social Learning Theory. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Degaura, Josephine (2001). David McClelland: Three Needs Theory.
Franken, Robert (2007). Human Motivation, 6th Edition., Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
McClelland, D.C. (1961). The Achieving Society. New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc.
Murray, H. A. (1938). Explorations in personality. New York: Oxford University Press
McNerney, Same (2012). Ego Depletion, Motivation and Attention: A New Model of Self-Control, thinkbig.com September 12.
Redmond, Brian (2013). Equity Theory Overview. Wikispace Penn State University.
Schmidt, Charles (N.D.). Motivation: Expectancy Theory. Labor Research Center, University of Rhode Island.
Vroom, V. (1964). Work and motivation. New York, NY: Wiley.