Using skill mapping to define skill sets is about creating a vision for yourself — your career and your life – yours, not the bosses, not the corporations, not your parents. Yours.
Remember, most people know what they don’t want, but not what they do want. You know what you don’t like about your current job, but could you visualize something better?
Step into a better future by following this practical three-phase process of mapping skills. The beauty in this technique lies in the fact that you can:
a. Improve current performance, while
b. Preparing for your next big roles.
Essentially, skills mapping is the process of getting from where you are to where you want to be.
What is Skills Mapping
The method of skill mapping is built on the metaphor of the journey. And if fact, individuals can go on many types of journeys such as a Journey of Discovery, a Divine Journey, or more commonly the Treasure Hunt.
The process of defining skill sets starts out with an assumption — that you want to create the map that allows you to create your future.
Phase 1: Mapping Your Future
You really cannot follow someone else’s journey, you must create your own map.
The first phase skill set definition consists of defining these six steps:
• 1. Visualize Your Current and Future Roles
• 2. Continuously Scanning the Environment
• 3. Determining Threats and Opportunities
• 4. Assess Your Core Competencies, and
• 5. Decide on Strengths and Weaknesses
Phase 2: Choose Your Best Routes
The map has given you the layout and you now know your destination; but there are many paths to get there. Sometimes the path is not clear, sometimes multiple paths can take you there.
Imagination does not end in mapping, it is also important in routing. For you must know what actions to take at the right time.
Phase 3: Travel the Path
One needs to take action to get from where you are to where you want to be. This is commonly described as execution, or getting tactical.
Phase 1 of the Skill Mapping Process: Creating The Map
Skill-Set 1: Visualize Your Current and Future Roles
“Washington is not a place to live in. The rents are high, the food is bad, the dust is disgusting and the morals are deplorable. Go West, young man, go West and grow up with the country.” — Horace Greeley, 1865
I sometimes think the education system causes imagination to atrophy, along with creativity. It’s one reason that the current educational establishment does not work for many (Robinson, 2010). If you somehow manage to get from K1 to 12 with your imagination intact, surely college will destroy it.
The case can be made that formal education also kills imagination. Think back, in any of your classes at any time in you life, did a teacher ask to close your eyes and use your imagination?
Dream big dreams; only big dreams have the power to move men’s souls.” — Marcus Aureliu
You can choose to be a bit player on the stage of work or a superstar. But to be a star, you will want to learn skill mapping. Sometimes this is also called competency modeling. A core part of this process is to define the key skill-sets required to play a particular role. But before that, one has to define your social roles.
Step 2a: Your Current Role
Step 2b: Your Next Role
Step 2c: Your Dream Role
Skill Mapping 2: Continuously Scan the Environment
“You can choose to exist in a dark closet of ignorance or step into the light of knowing.” — M. Johannsen
As told in the book called “The Big Short,” by the 2007 it was clear to some that a recession was looming. These investors saw what few government policy makers, bankers, businessmen or consumers perceived and shorted the market, making hundreds of millions of dollars.
But for the millions in America who were paying less attention to the big picture, it was a bad thing since banks reposed their homes. If you see dark clouds, the wind is picking up, rain drops in the air, you best bring an umbrella.
Dealing with threats is one major reason you want to engage in environmental scanning. The other reason? It helps you detect opportunities.
Skill Set 3: Identify Opportunities and Threats
“You have enemies? Good. That means you’ve stood up for something, sometime in your life.” — Winston Churchill
Let’s face it, threats stress people out; they cause anxiety, worry and fear. It’s so much easier to deny them, than deal with them. But acting like an ostrich with your head in the sand does not minimize your exposure.
People in earthquake zones fail to prepare for the next Big One, those that live on the beach don’t hurricane proof their homes, some drivers try to run without car insurance, and those living next to rivers can’t imagine the water breaking through a levy.
It’s so, so much easier to deny the problem than to deal with it. We all do it. We shouldn’t. Threats need to be minimized. They need to be dealt with. They must be faced. Show courage — be fearless.
“The wise man will make more opportunities than he finds.” — Sir Francis Bacon.
Fast burners know whether something is an opportunity or not. They know when an unexpected opportunity presents itself and take advantage of it.They can even create their own opportunities. One doesn’t do this by sitting in an easy chair with a scotch in your hand and letting your imagination run wild. Its focused effort applied for days, months or years toward a vision or goal. It’s something great men and women know how to do. And its something the rest of us should learn.
Skill Mapping 4: Assess Your Five Core Organizational Skill
“The door of opportunity frequently opens for those best prepared to walk through it.” — Murray Johannsen
In the Core Five Organizational model, every work role has a unique set of five competencies. They are:
Technical. Everything job requires the use of some type of technology. IT skills anyone?
Leadership. The focus here is on the “soft skills” and getting things done through people.
Management. We all manage some type of work. And of course, all must manage time and money, resources typically in scarce supply.
Strategy and Tactics. Essentially, you have to know where you are, where you’re going, and how to get there. And one must go tactical and to execute a strategy in time.
Self-Mastery. The one area many people ignore, its a number of mental processes underlying both success and failure.
For example, a college student must learn to manage time, develop self-discipline, get good at certain elements of information technology, etc. Prior to graduation, the really smart ones execute a job search strategy and had developed the communication skills necessary to get through an interview.
Of course once college students graduate, they must start the skill development process all over again. For example, at the university they learn a skill called writing a research paper. However, in corporate America, rain will fall in the Sahara about as often as you will write in scholar English a research paper with citations in the APA style in 12 pt Times.
Sadly, many students lack the skill sets employers want and so graduate into a time of being unemployed or underemployed.
Skill-Set 5: Define Strengths and Weaknesses
“It’s not your strength’s people talk about over a beer.” — Murray Johannsen
Why You Can Focus on Strengths
If you plan on having the same role the rest of your life, stay with your existing strengths and don’t worry about your weaknesses. For example, an artist can focus exclusively on their art, making a god-given talent even stronger.
Why You Should Focus on Weaknesses
There are two careers paths where you cannot afford to have weaknesses — c-level executive and entrepreneur. But the skills needed for each are quite different. To a lessor degree, this also applies to supervisors and managers. In those areas, faults cause plateauing or failure.
Playing to your strengths makes sense in certain career fields. If you make your living as a drummer in a band, a football linebacker, a surgeon, or a CPA, getting really good at a small number of skills makes a great deal of sense. But if your career path requires more than just a narrow skill-set, it’s what you don’t know that you don’t know that harms you.
However, if you see yourself as an unfinished work, as someone who doesn’t want the same job for 30 years, as a person who wants to move up the ladder of success, you better work on those weaknesses.
If in doubt about proficiency, put a skill into the weakness category. Also, some skills are so important that you never take them off your weakness list. An example is certain verbal communication skills.
Remember, if you are starting something new and you don’t think you have any weaknesses, your head is not screwed on straight.
Unfortunately, few formally assess their strengths and weaknesses. And for those that do, its common to put down lots of strengths and just a few weaknesses. It’s a common pattern for a narcissist. They like to think they are perfect—a fatal flaw if there ever was one.
“You get hired because of your strengths, fired because your weaknesses.” — Murray Johannsen
Assess Your Character and Traits
This is where assessments, a mentor, or a coach comes in handy — it’s vital to get feedback from an expert. They can provide specific details only someone who really mastered a skill is capable of knowing.
See: Sins and Virtues: Spotting Flaws and Developing Strengths
Phase 2: Choose Your Routes
Since you know your destination, it’s now time to plan your route. In this phase, you will develop a set of priorities and come up with a development plan. This is a whole new skill set many lack.
Phase 3: Walk The Path: The Fine Art of Execution
Somethings are just nice to know. Quantum physics and astronomy come to mind. However, from a practical standpoint of making a living, you must continuously build application skills. Application skills can be physical or mental, the point is they can be used in the real word. For example, many know geometry and algebra, but few, very few, use it in their jobs.
3a: Always Grow Skill Sets
The right mix of skill sets prevents you from getting fired or improves your likelihood of success. An example is communication skills. For example, most people are terrible listeners — they just don’t realize it.
Besides a focus on application skills, it’s really important to perfect the skill of building skills. This breaks out into:
Mastery Practices. There are five of these: self-talk, visualization, meditation, reflection and mindfulness. For accelerated learning of skills.
And it’s not just communication skills, leadership skills in general aren’t that good. This despite the fact that the leadership skills in general predict success in organizations.
“Success is a journey, not a destination. The doing is often more important than the outcome.” — Arthur Ashe
3b: Take Action
The map is made. The routes are chosen. Now is the time for action (Benz, 2016). Time to test how good your current skills are. This indeed requires many other skills. For example, performing a simple task of putting together a “to do” list requires other skills sets as well.
It will be a time of frustration. For you will find that the mind doesn’t want to change, it prefers things the way they are. You will have to read the map, choose your rout and execute everyday, every week, every month. You will have victories, but will also suffer defeats. It’s all part of the process.
Critically Important Skill-Sets
These are five skill-sets necessary to succeed in today’s modern organizations, if you want to fast track to the c-level or if you succeed as an entrepreneur. One needs to continue to develop competencies in:• Technical,• Leadership,• Management,• Strategy and Tactics, and• Self-mastery.Some things change—some things don’t. — Morpheus, Matrix ReloadedTimes change. While there are some skills that are timeless, others reflect the zeitgeist of the times. These tend to be careers that have some element of technological change that impacts it — which today is most careers in the developed world.
Skill Mapping References and Resources
Benz, Kara. (2016). How To Write Your To Do Lists, Quartz.com, October 31.
Johannsen, Murray (2016). Five Must Learn Skill Development Models. Legacee.
Johannsen, Murray (2015). The Sad State of Skill Building Today: Six Reasons Skill Development Doesn’t Happen. Legacee
Partnership For 21st Century Skills (N.D.) 21st Century Skill Map. p21.org
Robinson, Ken (2010). Bring On The Learning Revolution. Ted.com
Santiago, Elizabeth and Trujillo, Daniel (N.D.). Skills Mapping : Aligning Curriculum in 9-14 Pathways. Jobs for the Future.
Witacker, John (2014). Skills and Delivery Mapping. Speakerdeck.com.